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02.11.2019 11:44 Alter: 17 days

Western Hegemonies and their Contestations


Call for Publications

Theme: Western Hegemonies and their Contestations
Publication: Edited Volume
Deadline: 2.12.2019



The present call of paper solicits chapter proposals to complete a
peer-reviewed collection of original research papers on the topic
“Western Hegemonies and their Contestations”. This collection is
inspired from the international and multidisciplinary conference “The
End of Western Hegemonies?” held in Jyväskylä, Finland, in June 2019,
organized by The West Network. The proposed chapters must fall within
one of the following categories:

1 – Analysis of a type of Western hegemony (political, economic,
cultural, intellectual (see general description below)) in a
non-Western setting (i.e., in the former Eastern bloc, USSR (or in
post-Cold War Central and Eastern Europe, and Russia), Africa, Asia);

2 – Analysis of contestation(s) of a given type of Western hegemony
in a non-Western setting (i.e., in the former Eastern bloc, USSR (or
in post-Cold War Central and Eastern Europe, and Russia), Africa,
Asia);

3 – Analysis of the challenges met by democratization in non-Western
settings.

General description of the topic

The West is a political and civilizational compound which can be
define along different lines. In respect to international politics,
the West usually refers to the most powerful countries of the Western
hemisphere as to military might and wealth, and whose orientations
and behavior have the most decisive impact on the international
climate. At the level of domestic politics, the modern nation-state,
representative institutions, the rule of law, the culture of
individual rights and civil liberties, and democracy, count among the
characteristics of the so-called “Western model”. 

The political frontiers of the West were shaped and reshaped through
wars, contests between states, diplomacy, but also through
colonization and imperialism, which also belong to the economic
dimension of “the West”, with capitalism and industrialization. In
recent history, decolonizations, the Cold War, the fall of the
Eastern bloc, and September 11 were instances of political
configurations or events which shook the prevailing conception of the
West. They unleashed attempts at fixing new boundaries for the West
and, whenever possible, at expanding them. The spreading of democracy
and market economy in former Communist countries in the 1990s is a
typical example of the latter.

The West also encompasses a wide set of scientific, cultural,
educational, religious, and intellectual practices and beliefs also
associated to the most influent countries of the Western part of the
world. Colonization and imperialism (formal and informal) were
crucial channels for the spreading of these practices, values, and
knowledges, but intensified globalization and the rise of
communication technologies have opened new possibilities. Although
some scholars argue that the “hyperglobalized” culture which has
imposed itself throughout the world in recent times is not culturally
specific, the core of this hyperglobalized koinè is mainly made of
American and Western elements.

In recent history, Western countries were not satisfied with imposing
their political, economic and military hegemony over most of the
world, they were also convinced of the superiority of their culture.
The latter became the ultimate reference model for evaluating and
judging other peoples and cultures. Western cultural imperialism
threw discredit on non-Western ways of life, practices, values, and
beliefs. The idea of development was based on the conviction that
there is only one path to political, social, economic, and cultural
well-being and fulfilment, the Western path, and that all countries
had to try to “catch up with the West” if they wished to be
successful. At the same time, however, Western domination has
deprived them beforehand of the very resources they would need to do
so.

Nonetheless, resistances to, and contestations of Western hegemonies
are as old as these hegemonies themselves. In recent decades, the
decolonization process was accompanied by efforts at decolonizing
economy, culture and knowledge in non-Western settings. While these
endeavors meet with new challenges in a highly globalized
environment, they also tend to become increasingly self-conscious and
self-assertive. In addition, new economic, military, and political
center of powers have emerged on the world stage.

Strategies and forms of contestation have evolved in response to the
changing physiognomy of Western hegemonies. Are the latter still
strong, or rather stagnant, even already in decline ? Will Western
hegemonies endure? Will they be replaced by new hegemonies, or give
way to more complex, plural, configurations?  

Guidelines for chapter proposals

The planned chapters must develop original research and not have been
previously published in English or another language.

Potential authors must be Ph.D. holders and affiliated to a
university.

Submissions will be peer-reviewed (and full chapters thereafter).
They must contain (please send all documents in Word format):

1) A short abstract of the planned chapter clearly stating the topic,
hypothesis, main arguments, methodological approach and sources + a
list of 5-6 keywords (1/2 page – ¾ page).

2) A detailed preview of the planned chapter (5-6 pages) including
references and footnotes. (The full chapters will be 8000 words long.)

Please also include:

3) In a single file: 

 - (page 1) Identification : Name, job title, affiliation,
institutional address, work phone number, home address, home phone
number, e-mail address

 - (page 2) Short biography mentioning professional information
relevant to the publication (as previous publications,
teaching/research experience)

4) A short cv (2-3 pages max.)

Please send all material by Monday, December 2nd, 2019 to the
attention of Dr. Marie-Josée Lavallée at:
marie-josee.lavallee@umontreal.ca

No submissions will be considered afterwards.

Selected authors will be allowed six months for the preparation of
their full chapter.


Contact:

Dr. Marie-Josée Lavallée
University of Montréal, Canada
The West Network
Email: marie-josee.lavallee@umontreal.ca