Theme: Cross-cultural Trolley Papers
I am looking for papers that investigate cross-cultural differences
in responses to trolley problems, i.e., empirical experiments that
compare the responses of people from different cultures to some of
the standard cases. That includes both papers that (a) explicitly
compare judgments across cultures on a single scenario, or (b) look
for differences in choices between two standard trolley scenarios for
a non-WEIRD population. I am interested in both published and
The full list of papers I have found so far is below. If you know of
anything that is not listed, would you be able to send it to me?
The last two items on my list are things I am having trouble getting
hold of/ getting hold of in english (Xiang, 2014, and Yamamoto, &
Yuki, 2019). If you have either of them in English and can send them
to me, I’d be very grateful.
Cross-cultural trolley references
Abarbanell, L., & Hauser, M. D. (2010). Mayan morality: An
exploration of permissible harms. Cognition, 115(2), 207-224
Ahlenius, H., & Tännsjö, T. (2012). Chinese and Westerners respond
differently to the trolley dilemmas. Journal of Cognition and
Culture, 12(3-4), 195-201.
Arutyunova, K. R., Alexandrov, Y. I., & Hauser, M. D. (2016).
Sociocultural influences on moral judgments: East–west, male–female,
and young–old. Frontiers in psychology, 7, 1334.
Awad, E., Dsouza, S., Shariff, A., Rahwan, I., & Bonnefon, J. F.
(2020). Universals and variations in moral decisions made in 42
countries by 70,000 participants. Proceedings of the National Academy
of Sciences, 117(5), 2332-2337.
Gold, N., Colman, A. M., & Pulford, B. D. (2014). Cultural
differences in responses to real-life and hypothetical trolley
problems. Judgment and Decision making, 9(1), 65-76.
Hauser, M., Cushman, F., Young, L., Kang‐Xing Jin, R., & Mikhail, J.
(2007). A dissociation between moral judgments and justifications.
Mind & language, 22(1), 1-21.
Michelin, C., Tallandini, M., Pellizzoni, S., & Siegal, M. (2010).
Should more be saved? Diversity in utilitarian moral judgment.
Journal of cognition and culture, 10(1-2), 153-169.
Moore, A. B., Lee, N. L., Clark, B. A., & Conway, A. R. (2011). In
defense of the personal/impersonal distinction in moral psychology
research: Cross-cultural validation of the dual process model of
moral judgment. Judgment and Decision Making, 6(3), 186-195.
O’Neill, P., & Petrinovich, L. (1998). A preliminary cross-cultural
study of moral intuitions. Evolution and Human Behavior, 19(6),
Rehman, S., & Dzionek-Kozłowska, J. (2020). The Chinese and American
Students and the Trolley Problem: A Cross-cultural Study. Journal of
Intercultural Communication, 20(2), 31-41.
Rhim, J., Lee, G. B., & Lee, J. H. (2020). Human moral reasoning
types in autonomous vehicle moral dilemma: a cross-cultural
comparison of Korea and Canada. Computers in Human Behavior, 102,
Sheskin, M., Chevallier, C., Adachi, K., Berniūnas, R., Castelain,
T., Hulín, M., ... & Baumard, N. (2018). The needs of the many do not
outweigh the needs of the few: the limits of individual sacrifice
across diverse cultures. Journal of cognition and culture, 18(1-2),
Sorokowski, P., Marczak, M., Misiak, M., & Białek, M. (2020). Trolley
Dilemma in Papua. Yali horticulturalists refuse to pull the lever.
Psychonomic bulletin & review, 1-6.
Winking, J., & Koster, J. (2021). Small-scale utilitarianism: High
acceptance of utilitarian solutions to Trolley Problems among a
horticultural population in Nicaragua. Plos one, 16(4), e0249345.
Winskel, H., & Bhatt, D. (2020). The role of culture and language in
moral decision-making. Culture and Brain, 8(2), 207-225.
Xiang, X. (2014). Would the Buddha Push the Man Off the Footbridge?:
Systematic Variations in the Moral Judgment and Punishment Tendencies
of Han Chinese, Tibetans and Americans (Doctoral dissertation,
Yamamoto, S. & Yuki, M. (2019). What causes cross-cultural difference
in reactions to the trolly problem? A cross-cultural study on the
roles of relational mobility and reputation expectation. Research in
Social Psychology, 35(2), 61-71.